Is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. Affected cognitive areas can be memory, attention, language, and problem solving.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one form of dementia that gradually gets worse over time. It affects memory, thinking, and behavior. It affects 1 in 85 people.
Delirium, or acute confusion state, it is severe confusion and disorientation, developing with relatively rapid onset and fluctuating in intensity.
Amnesia is the loss of memory. The memory can be either wholly or partially lost due to the extent of damage that was caused.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) (also known as clinical depression, major depression) is a mental disorder characterized by episodes of all-encompassing low mood accompanied by low self-esteem and loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities.
Mania is a state of abnormally elevated or irritable mood, arousal, and/or energy levels. In a sense, it is the opposite of depression.
Is a mixed episode, is a condition during which symptoms of mania and depression occur simultaneously.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and a deficit of typical emotional responses. Common symptoms include auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction.
Schizoaffective is a mental disorder characterized by recurring abnormal mood and psychotic components The mood component may be elevated or depressed (bipolar or depressive subtype), or simultaneously elevated and depressed (mixed episode), and these abnormal mood components alternate with, or occur together with, distortions in perception.
Delusional is an uncommon psychiatric condition in which patients present with circumscribed symptoms of non-bizarre delusions, but with the absence of prominent hallucinations and no thought disorder, mood disorder, or significant flattening of affect.
A panic attack is a sudden surge of overwhelming anxiety and fear. Your heart pounds and you can’t breathe. You may even feel like you’re dying or going crazy. Many people experience panic attacks without further episodes or complications. There is little reason to worry if you’ve had just one or two panic attacks. However, some people who’ve experienced panic attacks go on to develop panic disorder. Panic disorder is characterized by repeated panic attacks, combined with major changes in behavior or persistent anxiety over having further attacks
Obsessive compulsive disorder is characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry; by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety; or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions. Symptoms of the disorder include excessive washing or cleaning; repeated checking; extreme hoarding; preoccupation with sexual, violent or religious thoughts; relationship-related obsessions; aversion to particular numbers; and nervous rituals, such as opening and closing a door a certain number of times before entering or leaving a room.
Posttraumatic disorder is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma. This event may involve the threat of death to oneself or to someone else, or to one's own or someone else's physical, sexual, or psychological integrity
Pervasive Developmental Disorders;
Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Retts is a neuro-developmental disorder of the grey matter of the brain that almost exclusively affects females but has also been found in male patients. Repetitive stereotyped hand movements, such as wringing and/or repeatedly putting hands into the mouth, are also noted. People with Rett syndrome are prone to gastrointestinal disorders and up to 80% have seizures
Asperger is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction, alongside restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.
Paranoid personality disorder
Is a mental disorder characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others.
Schizoid personality disorder
Is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a tendency towards a solitary lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness.
Schizotypal personality disorder
Is a personality disorder characterized by a need for social isolation, anxiety in social situations, odd behavior and thinking, and often unconventional beliefs
Borderline personality disorder
Is a personality disorder characterized by unusual variability and depth of moods. These moods may secondarily affect cognition and interpersonal
Narcissistic personality disorder
Is a personality disorder in which the individual is described as being excessively preoccupied with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity.
Histrionic personality disorder
Is a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking, including an excessive need for approval.
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Is a personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. Not to be confused with Obsessive–compulsive disorder